To extend an earlier discussion about counting quarks, consider some particle P, that is characterized by a repetitive chain of events

where each repeated cycle is a bundle of quarks written as

Depending on the level of objectification, each bundle may be thought of as a set of sensations, or an orbit, or an aggregation of seeds, or perhaps a compound quark. But for any interpretation we can make a *mathematical* description of P just by counting bundles.

The chain is a sequence of an indefinite number of bundles, there may be two or two-billion of them. But we can specify a definite quantity by making the description relative to a reference sensation provided by seeing the Sun. Let be the number of P’s bundles observed during one solar day. This quantity has units of bundles-per-day or cycles-per-day. Solar clocks are historically important, but not much used anymore. So consider evaluating where P is an ordinary clock noted by . If this clock is calibrated so that its cycles are in seconds, then

86,400 (seconds per day)

This number comes to us from the Sumerian and Babylonian peoples of ancient Mesopotamia^{1}George Sarton, *A History of Science*, page 74. Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1952.. About four thousand years ago their astronomical observations and sexagesimal mathematics established what we mean by a **second**. Namely that one day is parsed as twenty-four hours of sixty minutes, each of sixty seconds.

For EthnoPhysics, we also associate with the reference sensation of hearing a human heartbeat because the heart rate of human adults usually pulsates between forty and one hundred beats-per-minute when resting. So gives an order-of-magnitude account of the number of heartbeats-per-day for most people, thereby relating celestial and human-scale events. The foregoing tallies of bundles are used to define the **angular frequency** of P as

This angular frequency has units like bundles-per-second. As descriptions are objectified, we associate radians with each bundle and speak more generally of radians-per-second. And since all physical particles are supposedly made of quarks, we can also define a very general expression of the **frequency** as

where is the number of quarks in . This generic frequency characterizes the flux of quarks associated with P. It has units like quarks-per-second, or more generally *hertz*, and is abbreviated by (Hz). This frequency describes the flow strength in a stream of consciousness. It is proportional to the quantity of Anaxagorean sensations experienced per second.

1 | George Sarton, A History of Science, page 74. Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1952. |
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