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Down Quarks

Down quarks are represented by this mash-up of icons for visual and somatic sensations.

Down quarks represent black visual sensations . The ordinary sort of down-quark represents a black sensation that is perceived on the right side. Conversely, down anti-quarks are objectified from black sensations experienced on the left.  So these quarks are defined by two different kinds of experience; visual sensation and somatic sensation.

Definitions of Down Quarks

Different experiences are described by comparison with various reference sensations. Since antiquity these reference sensations have been objectified as seeds.  Black sensations are objectified as down-seeds.  They are symbolized using a capital Roman letter D without serifs.  Somatic sensations felt on the right or left sides are objectified as ordinary or odd seeds.  They are noted by \mathsf{O} or \overline{\mathsf{O}} \, . Down quarks can be defined from pairs of seeds because they represent pairs of sensations.

The matchmaking is formally stated as follows.  A seed-aggregate composed from one down-seed and one ordinary-seed is called an ordinary down quark. It is represented symbolically using the bold lowercase Roman letter d without serifs. Here is a mathematical expression of the definition along with some icons to illustrate the quark. You can click on icons to go to a page with more detail.

\mathsf{d} \equiv \left\{ \mathsf{ D, \, O } \rule{0px}{10px} \right\}



The down anti-quark is defined as the union of one down-seed with an odd-seed.

\overline{\mathsf{d}} \equiv \left\{ \rule{0px}{10px} \mathsf{ D, \, \overline{O} } \right\}



Characteristics of Down Quarks

The foregoing quarks may be described by their quantum numbers. They also have some specific individual traits like temperature and energy. Follow the links for a full explanation, but ultimately these secondary attributes are determined by the same sensations that define each quark. Here is a quick summary.

Characteristics of down Quarks

charge quantum numberzero

lepton quantum numberzero

baryon quantum numberzero

angular momentum number1/8

temperature-1,034 (โ„ƒ)

internal energy-27 (ยตeV)

The large negative temperature of the down quarks is associated with robust stability.